Narcissistic Personality Disorder Individuals with this disorder exhibit a lack of ability to empathize with others and an inflated sense of self-importance.
Definition The hallmarks of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) are grandiosity, a lack of empathy for other people, and a need for admiration. People with this condition are frequently described as arrogant, self-centered, manipulative, and demanding. They may also concentrate on grandiose fantasies (e.g. their own success, beauty, brilliance) and may be convinced that they deserve special treatment. These characteristics typically begin in early adulthood and must be consistently evident in multiple contexts, such as at work and in relationships.
People with narcissistic personality disorder believe they are superior or special, and often try to associate with other people they believe are unique or gifted in some way. This association enhances their self-esteem, which is typically quite fragile underneath the surface. Individuals with NPD seek excessive admiration and attention in order to know that others think highly of them. Individuals with narcissistic personality disorder have difficulty tolerating criticism or defeat, and may be left feeling humiliated or empty when they experience an "injury" in the form of criticism or rejection.
Related Personality Disorders: Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Paranoid.
Symptoms Narcissistic personality disorder is indicated by five or more of the following symptoms:
Exaggerates own importance
Is preoccupied with fantasies of success, power, beauty, intelligence or ideal romance
Believes he or she is special and can only be understood by other special people or institutions
Requires constant attention and admiration from others
Has unreasonable expectations of favorable treatment
Takes advantage of others to reach his or her own goals
Disregards the feelings of others, lacks empathy
Is often envious of others or believes other people are envious of him or her
Shows arrogant behaviors and attitudes 50 to 75 percent of the people diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder are male. Additionally, it is common for many adolescents to display the characteristics listed above; this does not indicate that they will later develop narcissistic personality disorder.
Causes Causes of narcissistic personality disorder are not yet well-understood. Genetic and biological factors as well as environment and early life experiences are all thought to play a role in the development of this condition.
Treatments Treatment for narcissistic personality disorder can be challenging because people with this condition present with a great deal of grandiosity and defensiveness, which makes it difficult for them to acknowledge problems and vulnerabilities. Individual and group psychotherapy may be useful in helping people with narcissistic personality disorder relate to others in a healthier and more compassionate way. Mentalization-based therapy, transference-focused psychotherapy, and schema-focused psychotherapy have all been suggested as effective ways of treating narcissistic personality disorder.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition
That is interesting. You don't even know me. I'm 100% laidback. Live and let live. Not to sound rude, but posting on a message board (which I'm doing) is kind of like spending time in a black hole. I stopped by on this message board the other night looking for info about 6 or 7 HPD cars at 11:50 PM in the back part of Kingwood. They were traveling with lights on at high rate of speed.
The essential features of a personality disorder are impairments in personality (self and interpersonal) functioning and the presence of pathological personality traits. To diagnose borderline personality disorder, the following criteria must be met:
A. Significant impairments in personality functioning manifest by:
1. Impairments in self functioning (a or b):
a. Identity: Markedly impoverished, poorly developed, or unstable self-image, often associated with excessive self-criticism; chronic feelings of emptiness; dissociative states under stress.
b. Self-direction: Instability in goals, aspirations, values, or career plans.
2. Impairments in interpersonal functioning (a or b):
a. Empathy: Compromised ability to recognize the feelings and needs of others associated with interpersonal hypersensitivity (i.e., prone to feel slighted or insulted); perceptions of others selectively biased toward negative attributes or vulnerabilities.
b. Intimacy: Intense, unstable, and conflicted close relationships, marked by mistrust, neediness, and anxious preoccupation with real or imagined abandonment; close relationships often viewed in extremes of idealization and devaluation and alternating between over involvement and withdrawal.
APA Rationale for Revised A Criteria for Personality Disorders and the Levels of Personality Functioning Levels of Personality Functioning B. Pathological personality traits in the following domains:
1. Negative Affectivity, characterized by:
a. Emotional lability: Unstable emotional experiences and frequent mood changes; emotions that are easily aroused, intense, and/or out of proportion to events and circumstances.
b. Anxiousness: Intense feelings of nervousness, tenseness, or panic, often in reaction to interpersonal stresses; worry about the negative effects of past unpleasant experiences and future negative possibilities; feeling fearful, apprehensive, or threatened by uncertainty; fears of falling apart or losing control.
c. Separation insecurity: Fears of rejection by - and/or separation from - significant others, associated with fears of excessive dependency and complete loss of autonomy.
d. Depressivity: Frequent feelings of being down, miserable, and/or hopeless; difficulty recovering from such moods; pessimism about the future; pervasive shame; feeling of inferior self-worth; thoughts of suicide and suicidal behavior.
2. Disinhibition, characterized by:
a. Impulsivity: Acting on the spur of the moment in response to immediate stimuli; acting on a momentary basis without a plan or consideration of outcomes; difficulty establishing or following plans; a sense of urgency and self-harming behavior under emotional distress.
b. Risk taking: Engagement in dangerous, risky, and potentially self-damaging activities, unnecessarily and without regard to consequences; lack of concern for one's limitations and denial of the reality of personal danger.
3. Antagonism, characterized by:
a. Hostility: Persistent or frequent angry feelings; anger or irritability in response to minor slights and insults.
APA Rationale for Criteria B and the Proposed Trait System
C. The impairments in personality functioning and the individual's personality trait expression are relatively stable across time and consistent across situations.
D. The impairments in personality functioning and the individual's personality trait expression are not better understood as normative for the individual's developmental stage or socio-cultural environment.
E. The impairments in personality functioning and the individual's personality trait expression are not solely due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, medication) or a general medical condition (e.g., severe head trauma).
Let's look at the whole picture. In the beginning women were nothing more than a man's possession in marriage. They called it "chattel", remember? Women didn't work or get educations so they stayed home and raised kids. They couldn't even get a credit card til the 1970's and it had to be given to her by a man, husband, father, brother as a consigner.
As time went on and divorces became more common, women got support money bc they stayed home and most had no education or training. The ones who got work did menial jobs.
Now, they are educated and can make a living on their own. They shouldn't get alimony if they can work. But they get child support most often bc they usually are the primary custodial guardian. And if a man is the primary custodial parent and she earns good money then she should pay him.
But let's be honest, women did not have the same status as men for most of history, i.e. Earning ability, education or opportunity.
◾Adjustment disorder with mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct
An adjustment disorder is characterized by the development of emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to an identifiable stressor (or stressors) occurring within 3 months of the onset of the stressor. A stressor is anything that causes a great deal of stress in the persons life. It could be a positive event, like a wedding or purchasing a new home, or a negative event, like a family members death, the breakup of an important relationship, or loss of a job.
These symptoms or behaviors are clinically significant as evidenced by either of the following: ◾Marked distress that is in excess of what would be expected from exposure to the stressor ◾Significant impairment in social, occupational, or educational functioning
The stress-related disturbance does not meet the criteria for another specific mental disorder. Once the stressor (or its consequences) has ended, the symptoms do not persist for more than an additional 6 months. By definition, if your feelings related to the event last longer than 6 months, it will no longer qualify for an adjustment disorder diagnosis.
An adjustment disorder can occur at any time during a persons life, and there is no difference in the frequency of this disorder between males and females. An adjustment disorder is diagnosed by a mental health professional through a simple clinical interview.
Adjustment disorders are often diagnosed when its not clear the person meets the criteria for a more severe disorder, or the actual diagnosis is uncertain. This diagnosis often gives the clinician time to further evaluate the client during additional therapy sessions.
Adjustment disorders are further categorized by the specific symptoms experienced: ◾Adjustment disorder with depressed mood ◾Adjustment disorder with anxiety ◾Adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood ◾Adjustment disorder with disturbance of conduct ◾Adjustment disorder with mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct ◾Adjustment disorder, unspecified
Why are you always so uninformed, Fuzz? Here's some samplings just from Germany. It's happening all over Europe, with the UK being the worst to suffer from moral cowardice. PC culture has erased European autonomy and culture.